In the field of Orthodontics, the Craniofacial is a common terminology as it’s a subspecialty of the field. The treatment is aimed at correcting the birth defects such as cleft lip and cleft palate. For treating the craniofacial issues, multi-disciplinary approach is needed which includes medical, surgical, and orthodontic. The treatment can take place from birth to teenage, says Orthodontist in 33626.
The cleft lip happens when a child is born with an opening in the lip or roof of the mouth. This occurs during the 10th week of pregnancy when upper jaw, nose, and mouth are fusing together for the formation of mouth, palate, and upper lip. When these pieces don’t fuse properly, there remains an opening.
According to Orthodontist near Tampa, the cleft lip can look like small opening at the corner of the lip which may be extended to nose and gums. The cleft palates differ in size which can either affect the soft palate around back of the throat or can create opening in hard palate around front portion of mouth.
The cleft lip surgery is performed in hospital by using general anesthesia. The panel of doctors during the surgery consists of pediatrician, plastic surgeon, oral surgeon, ear, nose, and throat specialist along with orthodontist, craniofacial specialist, and dentist.
It’s said that the surgery should be performed within 3 to 6 months of their age or before they turn one. The aim of surgery is both improving the aesthetics and functionality.
The surgery for cleft palate can happen a little later; between 9 to 12 months, but Before 18 months of age. On the basis of the type of cleft palate, the procedures can vary. Follow-up surgeries may also be needed for improving the facial appearance of the child as well as improving his speech. The surgeries can take place later on in life when the child grows bigger.
In case of any queries, it’s important to consult Orthodontist in Tampa FL so that he can explain the procedure and what to expect during and after the surgery.